In all spheres of human activity, an indispensable primary condition for the realization of the most diverse constructive and technological measures of a domestic or industrial nature is their reliable supply with fuel and energy resources. Despite the urgent attempts to replace traditional liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons with alternative and, above all, renewable solar, wind, tidal, etc. sources of energy, which, however, are difficult to realize on a large scale, the usual natural resources - oil and gas not yet interchangeable. This is vividly proved both by the state of the market for supply and demand for them with the struggle for price stability, and by the expansion of their geological prospecting. In addition, huge deposits in the spurs of the sea shelf, ocean basins and in the permafrost of methane hydrate or gas ice are completely undeveloped and are still not practically mastered. Their industrial production is the subject of a long-term technological perspective and gives hope for the energy security of humanity in the future. In the meantime, we are talking about greater availability and degree of extraction of oil from bituminous deposits and gas from underground deposits shale using high technologies. Their use even in difficult conditions of Northern Canada and with extraction from previously conserved low-yield wells of the USA makes such complex oil and gas production competitive and traditional and can be used as geopolitical blackmail and pressure on even economically developed countries.