Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution on Further Vocational Training, «Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Educational)»
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Journal Kompetentnost': 189-190 / 9-10 / 2021


  • 1
    Educational Standards in the Higher Education System: Personnel Compliance
    Authors: А.О. Kharitonov, D.I. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia, Dr. Prof., aharitonov@muctr.ru
    At the beginning of this century, the Russian higher education system underwent modernization of educational standards. In this article, I have reviewed and analyzed (a) the reasons for the changes in the Russian educational standards of the country’s higher education system, (b) assessed their impact on the requirements for the staffing of higher education. As it turned out, the main reason for what happened is the desire of the management of the higher education system to improve the professional training of university graduates. The reform of the system was carried out in stages, which explains the emergence of standards of different generations. This was due to the need to develop a qualitatively new methodological support for the educational process, modernization of laboratory equipment and, most importantly, to ensure personnel compliance with the requirements of these standards, primarily teachers of graduating departments. I believe that the only way to ensure personnel compliance is the training and retraining of teachers in specialized educational centers of enterprises with subsequent internships there.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2021-9-06-08

  • 2
    Production Status and Management Systems Audit: Training of Auditors in PostCovid
    Authors: Yu.A. Orlova, FSAEI HE Far Eastern Federal University (FSAEI HE FEFU), orlova.ial@students.dvfu.ru 
    I.B. Repina, FSAEI HE FEFU 
    O.A. Chudnova, FSAEI HE FEFU, Assoc. Prof. PhD
    The article is devoted to the changes that need to be made to the training and professional development program for auditors of the state of production and audit of management systems. Changes in the training of qualified professionals will occur not only in connection with the adoption and entry into force of the new GOST R 59424–2021 Guidelines for the remote analysis of the state of production and audit of management systems, but also in connection with the ongoing pandemic of the new coronavirus infection Covid. It has a great impact on all types of activities, and also contributes to the increase in the importance of the development and implementation of digital technologies in the world. We had analyzes the requirements of the standard, which are worth paying attention to when training auditors. The authors describe new methods of remote auditing and the information and communication technologies used, identify changes that will make the training program for auditors on conducting remote audits better and more efficient. In addition, the article presents the skills that a specialist should possess as a result of training in conducting remote audits in accordance with GOST R 59424–2021 and the realities of the modern world.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2021-9-09-13

  • 3
    Teaching Visual Basic for Applications as a Basic Language for Technical University Students
    Authors: N.K. Petrova, Kazan State Power Engineering University (KSPEU), Kazan Federal University (KFU), PhD (Ph. Math.), nk_petrova@mail.ru 
    S.Yu. Sitnikov, KSPEU, KFU, Assoc. Prof. PhD (Tech.), ssitnikov@mail.ru
    R.M. Khamitov, KSPEU, PhD, hamitov@gmail.com
    Information technology and programming are among the most dynamically developing disciplines. There are often discussions in the university environment about which programming languages to give preference to when teaching students the basics of computer science and algorithmization, because sometimes the list of languages taught has a direct impact on the choice of the applicant’s place of study. This question depends, first of all, on the direction of the student’s training, according to which he is studying. A student of the IT direction will expect that after graduation he will have a fairly good command of several of the popular languages: Java, C++, C#, Python. Obviously, for graduates of IT specialties, these languages are necessary, also because they are in demand by employers, including leading IT companies. But are these popular languages suitable for all future specialists? After all, it is desirable to teach programming to future engineers (not IT-directions), chemists, economists, sociologists — students who did not prepare to become programmers, but for whom programming skills can become a powerful help in their future profession. The task of the initial stage of training for such students is to organize an easy, but high- quality entry into the world of programming. Here the question of choosing a language is even more important. At the Department of Computer Science and Information Management Systems (IIUS) Kazan State Power Engineering University has many years of experience in successfully teaching computer science and the basics of office programming to first-year students of technical and humanitarian specialties based on the Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) language, which is part of the Microsoft Excel spreadsheet processor.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2021-9-14-21

  • 4
    Innovationable Process in the Context of Sustainable Development
    Authors: Yu.M. Prokhotskiy, A.M. Prokhorov Academy of Engineering Sciences, Scientific Department of Sustainable Development`s Biological, Environmental and Technological Problems, Dr., yum33@mail.ru
    This paper represents an overview of the sustainable development of Russian innovation economy. The paper is written in a unified tutorial fashion and based on the experience of the author gained while working as a head of the Scientific Coordination sector of All-Russian Exhibition Center Science and Education, and as Academic Secretary of organizational and program committees of the first Moscow innovative exhibitions. One of the main ideas of the paper is globalization in the sustainable development of Russian innovation economy. As an example of such globalization, the launch of the Global Venture Alliance (in corporation with the innovative companies of Silicon Valley, USA) operations in Russia, approved and supported by the leaders of the country, is discussed. The glossary is presented in the beginning of the article. The article is divided into three sections: (1) general problems of innovation and sustainable development, (2) implementation of effective innovation and exhibition activities, (3) methodological techniques of the organization of specialized innovation (engineering) center. 
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2021-9-22-30

  • 5
    Innovative Platform for Green Science and Technology Policy
    Authors: V.A. Lisichkin, RF State Duma of the Federal Assembly, Prof. Dr., yum@mail.ru 
     E.S. Tskhovrebov, Academy of Safety and Special Programs, Assoc. Prof. PhD, rebrovstanislav@rambler.ru 
    Yu.M. Prokhotskiy, A.M. Prokhorov Academy of Engineering Sciences, Scientific Department of Sustainable Development’s Biological, Environmental and Technological Problems, Dr.
    Applying abstract-logical methods and conceptual modeling within the framework of a dialectical approach, we tried to make the first approximation to the solution of an urgent scientific problem: (a) to know what the object of construction, reconstruction, repair, maintenance will be conceptually as a house of the future from the point of view of modern ideas about ecology and the relevant terminology fixed in the current legislation, (b) what global transformations should occur. We have developed an ecological and resource conceptual model of the future as an innovative platform for a new environmentally oriented scientific and technical policy, conditions and prerequisites for its successful implementation within the framework of modern trends, goals, priorities of environmental, industrial, socio-economic development of Russia. The peculiarity of the presented model is the integration of social, economic, technical and environmental challenges with individual human interests to solve the main task of humanity — sustainable development, taking into account the priority of maintaining the equilibrium state of the Earth as a single ecological system.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2021-9-32-41

  • 6
    Substantiation of Priorities for the Creation of Defense Scientific Reserve
    Authors: V.Yu. Korchak, Innovative Technology Center of the Scientific Policy Complex of N.E. Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Prof. Dr., Full Member of Russian Academy of Rocket and Artillery Sciences (RARAS), korchak.v@mail.ru 
    R.V. Reulov, FSBI 46 Central Research Institute (FSBI 46 CRI) of the RF Defense Ministry, Assoc. Prof. Dr. 
    S.V. Stukalin, FSBI 46 CRI of the RF Defense Ministry, Assoc. Prof. Dr.
    A.Yu. Pronin, FSBI 46 CRI of the RF Defense Ministry, Assoc. Prof. Dr.
    The analysis of the main documents defining the priorities of scientific and technological development in the Russian Federation is carried out and their interrelation is shown. The organizational and methodological aspects of forming a list of priority areas of fundamental, predictive and exploratory research in the interests of national defense and state security are considered. This list is a normative document containing the key areas of scientific research in the state armament program. In order to respond effectively to the challenges of potential opponents, it is necessary to promptly use breakthrough scientific ideas, which, as a rule, are born as a result of fundamental and exploratory scientific research. In this regard, the correct choice of priorities in conducting defense FPER seems to us to be the most important task. The organizational and methodological approach developed by us allows us to select from the entire initial set of proposals those studies whose implementation will ensure the promising development.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2021-9-42-51

  • 7
    Stimulating the Involvement of Used Glass Containers in the Economic Turnover
    Authors: O.V. Golub, FSAI Research Institute Environmental Industrial Policy Center (FSAI RI EIPC), o.golub@eipc.center 
    A.Yu. Sanzharovskiy, FSAI RI EIPC, PhD (Tech.), a.sanzharovskiy@eipc.center 
    D.Kh. Mikhaylidi, FSAI RI EIPC, PhD (Ec.), d.Mikhailidi@eipc.center
    We studied the problem of reducing the consumption of glass containers and identified the main obstacles of its recycling. The main aspects were identified and mostly permissive techniques of administrative regulation were proposed, which will have to provide the further development of the industry. The sequences regulator — regulation act — subject of regulation — planned result were described, the main items of collaboration between subjects were shown and pathways of improving the situation in the industry were given. Particular attention has been paid to environmental aspects, the problem of carbon footprint and the movement to sustainable development. We believe, that additional driving force will contribute to the start of all stages of the techniques, the formation of a positive attitude towards environmental friendly consumption and strong promotion of glass manufacturing in Russia.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2021-9-52-58

  • 8
    Quality of Test Results in the Industrial Enterprise’s Test Center
    Authors: M.S. Pchelintsev, FSBEI HE Penza State Technological University (FSBEI HE PenSTU), V.A. Revunova Penza Production Association EVT, icenter_buro@ppoevt.ru 
    S.V. Chekaykin, FSBEI HE PenSTU, Assoc. Prof. PhD
    The quality of test results is influenced by various factors: equipment, test conditions, competence of personnel, the correct choice and application of measurement tools and techniques, etc. In this article, we examined the organization of complex in-laboratory quality control on the example of the testing center of the Penza Production Association of Electronic Computing Equipment (EVT) named after V.A. Revunov. We carried out control of ensuring the reliability of test results, planning and analysis of test quality control results, in-laboratory quality control, control of measurement procedures, repeatability of results, operational control of convergence of test results, control of accuracy of test results, stability of measurement results, interlaboratory comparative tests. The results obtained are taken into account when confirming the competence of the CI by the accreditation body — the Federal Accreditation Service. We believe that the measures considered provide reliable quality control of the results of tests and measurements of the enterprise, allow you to manage the quality management system for its optimal functioning. The article considers the organization of in-laboratory quality control on the example of a test center of an industrial enterprise for quality control of test results and measurements.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2021-9-60-63

  • 9
    Application of Quality Management Methods in Product Quality Planning
    Authors: S.Yu. Kamasheva, FSBEI HE Kazan National Research Technological University (FSBEI HE КNRTU), sofya_kamasheva@mail.ru 
    N.G. Nikolaeva, FSBEI HE КNRTU, PhD (Chem.), natalia0205@yandex.ru
    R.N. Ismailova, FSBEI HE КNRTU, PhD (Chem.), isma_70@mail.ru 
    L.F. Sharafutdinova, FSBEI HE КNRTU 
    S.M. Goryunova, FSBEI HE КNRTU, Assoc. Prof. PhD (Chem.), svetlanagoryunova@yandex.ru
    We conducted a study of consumer requirements for the quality parameters of cigarettes produced by the company Advance Tobacco Factory (Kazan). A chain of quality management methods was used: focus groups — VOCT table — QFD — benchmarking — N. Kano’s method. The analysis revealed promising characteristics of this company’s tobacco products, accounting for which will increase customer satisfaction. First of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the quality of the purchased tobacco, the type and quality of the filter, the density and uniformity of the tobacco packing on the cigarette, its combustibility and introduce additional control of these parameters. The criteria for selecting suppliers should be reviewed with full control of all indicators. Proper maintenance of the register of suppliers will simplify this process. It is also important to observe the microclimate conditions of the production premises and warehouse. The obtained research results can be used to form further directions of development, we believe.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2021-9-64-71

  • 10
    The Impact of the Professional Qualifications Quality on Competitiveness and Labor Market
    Authors: T.I. Zvorykina, JSC Institute of Regional Economic Researches, NEI HPE Russian New University, Prof. Dr. (Econ.), sss2800mail.ru 
    I.N. Tomokhova, JSC Institute of Regional Economic Researches, PhD (Econ.), itom83@mail.ru
    We have studied the impact of the professional qualifications quality on the labor market and the competitiveness of service organizations. We applied content analysis of scientific and literary sources in the field of independent assessment of qualifications, the focus group method followed by the use of the Ishikawa diagram, conducted a survey of interested persons. Also, we have established that (a) the quality of professional qualifications plays a key role in ensuring the competitiveness of service sector organizations, (b) the use of innovative processes of a technological, organizational, financial and personnel nature also has a positive effect on the quality of services provided, (c) national and professional standards play an important role in providing the labor market with qualified specialists. The characteristics of the features of the application of international, interstate and national standards of services that allow initiating the use of innovative processes and information technologies are given. Methodological aspects of the assessment of qualifications in the service sector are considered.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2021-9-72-80


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