Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution on Further Vocational Training, «Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Educational)»
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Journal Kompetentnost': 205 / 5 / 2023


  • 1
    A Bit About History of the Academy of Standardization, Metrology and Certification
    Authors: V.Ya. Belobragin, Standards and Quality Magazine, Prof. Dr. (Ec.)
    The Rector of the Academy from November 1993 to March 2003 Doctor of Economics, Professor Viktor Ya. Belobragin congratulates of the Academy staff on its 55th anniversary. He remembers the people who worked nearby, everything done and not completed for the development of ASMS, training of students in the field of standardization, metrology, certification and quality management. The Academy took upon itself the organization of annual competitions for student theses in this specialty. In addition, principles for the formation of regional programs Quality were developed, foreign experience in standardization, metrology and quality was systematically generalized. An important place among the research works carried out by the Academy was the provision of qualified assistance to enterprises in the field of standardization, certification, quality management, metrology and testing, and the improvement of the methodological support of the educational process.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-5-05-10

  • 2
    Legal Metrology Is the Legal Basis for the Uniformity of Measurements
    Authors: L.K. Isaev, FSBI All-Russian Research Institute of Metrological Service, FSAEI FVT Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Training), Prof. Dr. (Tech.), isaev-vm@vniims.ru
    More than half a century of evolution of the system of advanced training of metrologists is described — from mastering the basics of metrology to studying the legal foundations of metrological activity. It is said about the history of the development of the department Legal metrology, the main directions of development of legal metrology in the future of the department are given. The department plans to organize the training of specialists in the programs Economics of metrology, on metrological support of measurements in quality infrastructures, on the preparation of expert metrologists for certification, including experts in metrology to work in technical committees for standardization. VNIIMS continues work on general issues of legal metrology. Its subject is the establishment, implementation and protection of legal, technical and technical-legal norms that regulate relations arising in the process of metrological activity. The results of these works will be taken into account in the activities of the department. Department staff is currently involved in the preparation of electronic lectures on the specialization of the department.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-5-11-16

  • 3
    E-Learning Courses as a Tool for Digital Transformation of Additional Professional Education
    Authors: O.V. Meretskov, FSAEI FVT Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Training), PhD (Ped.), meretskov.ov@asms.ru
    The e-learning course concept is considered both in terms of content and technical implementation. I described the typification of electronic courses according to technological criteria, the universal role model of the development team and the sequence of creating electronic courses within the framework of the APE. Also, the pros and cons of technological solutions, approaches to documenting the processes of developing and using electronic courses in the educational process were analyzed. Summing up, I will highlight the main. (a) The official use of e-learning courses in the educational process is legalized by amendments to Federal Law N 273 On education in the Russian Federation adopted in 2012. (b) Technological electronic courses are a symbiosis of structured educational material and software implementation of organizing access to these materials. (c) The creation of e-learning courses is governed by the rules for the development of computer programs, which provide for the presence of a team of developers specific to the implementation of IT projects, as well as approaches to documenting the development and acceptance of the final product. (d) The introduction of electronic courses into the educational process requires the availability of accompanying documentation for electronic courses with a description of the technologies of students, administrators (methodologists), teachers working with them, as well as an assessment of the quality of mastering the corresponding educational program.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-5-17-25

  • 4
    Digital Transformation of the Urban Environment as a Means of Improving the Quality of Life
    Authors: R.M. Khamitov, FSBEI HE Kazan State Power Engineering University, Assoc. Prof. PhD (Tech.), hamitov@gmail.com 
    O.V. Knyaz’kina, FSBEI HE Siberian State Industrial University, Assoc. Prof. PhD (Tech.), dmtov@mail.ru
    Modern society lives in an era of global change, driven by high rates of scientific and technological progress. The active use of the Internet, information technology, sensor technology, data analytics and the Internet of Things has led to a new stage in the development of society — the emergence of smart cities, which can be considered as the main component of the future urban infrastructure. Smart cities are expected to have a significant economic impact by facilitating the development of innovative companies and attracting investment. In addition, they can improve the standard of living of citizens by providing them with access to high-quality services and improving living conditions. One of the key trends in the development of smart cities is the increase in the number of Internet of Things devices that are used to collect and analyze data, as well as artificial intelligence to manage city systems and provide services to citizens. I believe it is important to develop individual strategies and plans for each city, taking into account its unique characteristics and needs.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-5-26-31

  • 5
    Digital Tools to Improve the Manufacturing Process
    Authors: P.V. Golinitskiy, Russian State Agrarian University — K.A. Timiryazev Moscow Agricultural Academy (RSAU — K.A. Timiryazev MAA), PhD (Tech.), gpv@rgau-msha.ru 
    U.Yu. Antonova, RSAU — K.A. Timiryazev MAA, PhD (Tech.) 
    L.A. Grinchenko, RSAU — K.A. Timiryazev MAA 
    S.Yu. Vidnikevich, RSAU — K.A. Timiryazev MAA
    We have described the use of digital tools to improve manufacturing processes, in particular digital twins and digital models. As an example, we considered a machine- building enterprise for the production of lifting equipment with a revenue of 300 million rubles and a low degree of automation. As a zero stage, a functioning QMS was introduced at the enterprise based on a process approach. This made it possible to quickly move on to creating a digital model of the production process. In this model, special attention was paid to control points, for which a table of defects was compiled indicating the causes of their occurrence and ways to eliminate them. Corrective actions were provided for each CP when building the process. To describe the processes, we used the BPMN notation, which allows not only to graphically depict the process, but also to conduct simulation modeling with the ability to identify problem areas. Collected and prepared data were entered into the graphical model of the process, actually reflecting the existing situation at the enterprise, and if the result of the model did not match the real process, changes were made. The use of modeling allowed to reduce time and financial costs at all stages of development and implementation, and also had a positive effect on the decision of the owners about the need for the proposed changes. As a result, the entire transition to a new production process, including the development of a solution, did not exceed 10 months.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-5-32-37

  • 6
    Multicomponent Production Quality Control Reliability
    Authors: I.A. Ivanov, St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation, greenten@yandex.ru 
    G.I. Korshunov, St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation, Dr. (Tech.), kgi@pantes.ru
    An approach to the implementation of selective control in a medium-sized enterprise is proposed, which has a positive effect on productivity and reliability. To implement this methodology, software was developed and implemented based on the organization’s own experience. As a result of the introduction of software at the enterprise, a great economic effect was obtained. The use of the new technique made it possible to abandon the purchase of expensive X-ray equipment operating in online mode, as well as to increase productivity due to an additional offline installation. The real-time feedback received from the X-ray inspection department made it possible to make timely corrective actions in the operation of the production line, which led to an increase in the number of good products and made it possible to reduce the repair stage after automatic installation.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-5-38-41

  • 7
    Game Theory Application to the Choice of Risk Management Methods
    Authors: Ya.A. Vavilin, Bryansk State Technical University, Assoc. Prof. PhD (Tech.), vavilin@bk.ru
    In the study, I propose to consider one of the possible options for a rational and reasonable choice of risk management methods. I used elements of game theory to justify the choice of methods of risk-based thinking at the stage of risk identification. Game theory is widely used to analyze various systems. Its concepts and results have proven useful in the analysis of socio-economic phenomena and are finding increasing application in economic theory. By now, game theory has become a standard tool in economics. Its application gives variability in forecasting, for example, the economic effect can be used as a criterion (as in the example considered), or another indicator can be selected.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-5-42-46

  • 8
    Leadership Procedure: Knowledge Sharing with Staff
    Authors: S.L. Aleksandrov, Samara Branch of FSAEI FVT Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Training), PhD (Tech.) 
    V.A. Volkov, FBI State Regional Center for Standardization, Metrology and Testing in Samara Region (FBI Samara CSM) 
    E.V. Dubrovskaya, FBI Samara CSM 
    L.I. Khamidullina, FBI Samara CSM
    The attention of quality management systems’ specialists is drawn to the need of implementation the procedure for visiting departments by the management of organizations and carrying out personal communication with employees, not only as a control element for creating feedback in the system, but also for exchanging knowledge, that is necessary to achieve the goals of the organization. We have proposed to implement the exchange of knowledge on the basis of a documented procedure that allows visualizing the goals, objectives, procedure for conducting and using the acquired awareness in further activities, both in relation to ongoing production processes and in relation to management processes. We have revealed certain aspects of the implementation of the procedure for the exchange of knowledge between the management of the organization and employees of departments, based on dialogues in office premises and workplaces where work is carried out to manufacture products or provide services. The procedure for visiting the organization’s management units and communicating with personnel at different levels of management is recommended to be periodically reviewed for suitability and constant improvement.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-5-47-53

  • 9
    Public Administration and Quality Are Not Raw Materials for Growth
    Authors: V.G. Versan, Prof. Dr. (Ec.), versan.vilya@gmail.com
    Over the past years, our economy and social sphere have been burdened not only by the ideological vices of the economic policy of the reformers. The poor quality of management of large-scale state tasks (programs, projects) brought enormous harm to the country. Evidence of this is the many years of misuse and inefficient use of funds spent on all sorts of expensive initiatives. A specific example is the failure of innovative development and, as a result, the technological backwardness and non-competitiveness of our products. The country suffered huge losses. We are talking about the loss of tens of trillions of rubles. The organization of interaction between people, economic entities and government bodies to solve state social and economic problems is characterized by the need to take into account a large number of interdependent factors and conditions. These are links in the same chain. Lack of accounting or poor performance of at least one of them leads to a decrease in the efficiency of solving the problem. I have considered two interrelated problems: a systematic approach to managing large-scale government tasks and the quality of their solution. They are not only interconnected, but also interdependent. Quality is always a complex of technical, economic, social and organizational requirements. Without a systematic approach to management, it is impossible to create something of high quality in principle. 
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-5-54-64