Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution on Further Vocational Training, «Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Educational)»
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Journal Kompetentnost': 191 / 1 / 2022


  • 1
    Comparative Analysis of Innovative Technologies on the Example of Non-Combustible Residues Disposal
    Authors: S.V. Ostakh, I.M. Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), PhD, ostah2009@yandex.ru
    I researched a method for benchmarking and categorizing innovative technologies using a fuzzy modeling methodology. As an example, the utilization of non-combustible residues formed during the thermal destruction of industrial waste was used. Thermal destruction technologies make it possible to reduce the volume of production waste disposal, ensure their disposal for further use. At the same time, it is necessary to use to the maximum the large-tonnage unburned residues that are formed during the thermal method of waste disposal. Comparative analysis of innovative technologies makes it possible to evaluate the multiparametric nature of alternatives and the categorization of innovative technologies based on generalized criteria using the Harrington function. Innovative technological directions for the utilization of non-combustible residues are evaluated in terms of their environmental friendliness, as well as resource- and energy-saving and economic efficiency of implementation. Thus, the applied fuzzy modeling methodical approach can be used to rank innovative technologies and plan pilot tests. 
     DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2022-1-04-08

  • 2
    Some Metrological Aspects оf Applied Measurements. Space Navigation
    Authors: V.A. Grushnikov, All-Russian Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of Russian Academy of Science, PhD, v.grushnikov@mail.ru
    At the present stage of space exploration, the priority problems are not the earlier priority problems of the capabilities of aircraft to orbit a given mass of cargo and even the human body in airless space, but the most relevant in the context of the increased presence of terrestrial. The energy efficiency and safety of their long-term operation depends not only on the constructive and technological optimality of the implementation of aircraft, but also on the perfection of the communication system in a space that is not so rarefied in terms of the presence of physical objects. The main burden and effectiveness in achieving this complex multidimensional goal is effectively taken over and provided by modern metrological methods, means and sensor devices for measurements. 
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2022-1-10-18

  • 3
    The Arctic Vector in the Uniformity of Measurements Ensuring in Yakutia
    Authors: N.M. Kuprikov, FSUE D.I. Mendeleev All-Russian Research Institute for Metrology, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), nkuprikov@gmail.com 
    B.Yа. Litvinov, FSUE D.I. Mendeleev All-Russian Research Institute for Metrology, Dr. (Sc.), sztul@mail.ru 
    D.D. Nogovitsyn, FBI State Regional Center for Standardization, Metrology and Testing in Sakha Republic (Yakutia), mail@yakcsm.ru
    The solution of the most important tasks of the development of the Russian Arctic zone is impossible without high-quality and reliable metrological support, including in the North Yakutsk support zone. We analyzed the factors influencing the metrological activity in this region. We noted the differences in ensuring the uniformity of measurements in the territories located north and south of the Arctic Circle. We believe that new branches of the Yakutsk CSM should be created on the basis of a block-modular principle, which will allow them to be transported to a new location without violating the metrological serviceability of standards and measuring equipment. Today, it is promising to develop a mixed radial-circular system for ensuring the uniformity of measurements based on mobile-stationary CMS and metrological laboratories, taking into account bilateral comparisons. There are also technical possibilities for creating Arctic versions of metrological laboratories, as well as traditional mobile laboratories based on road, water, rail and air transport, which is most applicable in the conditions of the north. 
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2022-1-20-25

  • 4
    Algorithm for Calculating Measurement Uncertainty During Calibration of a Pressure Gauge
    Authors: V.F. Mol’kov, Nizhny Novgorod Branch of FSAEI FVT Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Training) (FSAEI FVT ASMS) V.G. Kutyaykin, Nizhny Novgorod Branch of FSAEI FVT ASMS, Assoc. Prof. PhD, asms-nn@mail.ru 
    S.G. Zelentsov, Nizhny Novgorod Branch of FSAEI FVT ASMS 
    E.Yu. Geyger, Nizhny Novgorod Branch of FSAEI FVT ASMS, Assoc. Prof. PhD, gejug@yandex.ru
    Calibration of measuring instruments is widely used all over the world as a tool to ensure the uniformity of measurements. For calibration laboratories accredited in the national accreditation system, the requirements for performing calibration work are set out in GOST ISO / IEC 17025–2019 and other documents, for example, in the Recommendations for Interstate Standardization RMG 120–2013. All of them have requirements for calculating uncertainty during calibration. Therefore, the task of calculating the uncertainty of the calibration result remains relevant. To solve it, an appropriate methodology is needed, which should contain the calculation of the uncertainty of measurement results during calibration to ensure their metrological traceability. In our work, we considered two variants of the algorithm (for multiple and single measurements) for calculating the measurement uncertainty during the calibration of the MP4U pressure gauge. The uncertainty budget was drawn up, the calculation of the extended uncertainty was given when the amendment was introduced and without it. 
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2022-1-26–32

  • 5
    Methods of the Equipment Life Cycle Cost’s Estimating in the Management of Production
    Authors: L.K. Sirotina, St. Petersburg State University of Industrial Technologies and Design, Assoc. Prof. PhD, spb500@yandex.ru
    Evaluating the efficiency of using material and technical resources and attracting investments is a key task in organizing and planning production. The lack of a comprehensive methodology for calculating the technical criteria for the acquisition and economic evaluation of investments complicates the planning processes. The problem is solved using the product life cycle model. Existing principles and approaches in assessing the cost of the life cycle of production equipment are considered and recommendations for their improvement are proposed. After analyzing the existing principles and approaches to assessing the cost of the life cycle of production equipment, I offered recommendations for their improvement and presented an example of the implementation of the proposed models. Also, the actual directions for using the obtained estimates in the organization and planning of production, accounting and analysis of the results achieved were formulated.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2022-1-34-39

  • 6
    The Personnel Management System of the Enterprise Participating in Foreign Economic Activity
    Authors: V.V. Merzlikina, FSBEI HE Alexander Grigorievich and Nikolay Grigorievich Stoletovs Vladimir State University, vikcchas@gmail.com 
    S.V. Petrov, FSBEI HE Alexander Grigorievich and Nikolay Grigorievich Stoletovs Vladimir State University, PhD (Ec.), psv01@yandex.ru
    The article examines the personnel management system of an enterprise participating in foreign economic activity. Personnel management is a strategic process of influencing personnel to increase their efficiency and achieve the goals of the enterprise. We have studied the personnel management system of the company participating in foreign economic activity. First of all, we considered the basic principles such as division of labor, discipline, professionalism and competence, priority of public interests, fairness and equality, staff stability, adaptation to changes in working conditions, efficiency. Then we studied social, psychological, organizational, administrative and economic methods. And also the main functional areas of the personnel management system: personnel planning, provision of qualified personnel, employee development, evaluation of the effectiveness of personnel activities, motivation and stimulation, building a communication system. All of these methods differ in content and method of impact, and together they form a system that meets the needs of both employees of the enterprise participating in foreign economic activity, and the organization itself in the person of its management and owners. 
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2022-1-40-42

  • 7
    Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in the Field of Tourism During Standardization Work
    Authors: N.M. Kuprikov, ANO Scientific and Information Center Polar Initiative (ANO SIC Polar Initiative), Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (MAI (NRU), Cand. Sc. (Tech.), kuprikov@russianpolar.ru 
    D.O. Doronin, ANO SIC Polar Initiative 
    A.I. Ekimov, ANO SIC Polar Initiative, ekimov@russianpolar.ru 
    E.M. Kuprikova, ANO SIC Polar Initiative 
    M.Yu. Kuprikov, ANO SIC Polar Initiative, MAI (NRU), Dr. Prof.
    The need to develop tourism for the benefit of the global economy is undeniable. However, the protection of the natural environment should remain a priority in the tourism business. Its greening keeps the environment stable and safe for the population. Today, there has been a noticeable shift in the work of many tourism companies in accordance with the UN Sustainable Development Agenda. Transport companies reduce emissions and reduce noise levels, hotel owners reduce energy and water consumption, cruise trip organizers reduce the amount of garbage they produce. Putting tourism on a sound track of sustainable ecological functioning is a major task that requires partnership and cooperation both within the tourism industry and between it, the state and tourists. Based on the formulated principles of environmentally friendly tourism, we offer recommendations for the development of draft national standards in the field of tourism and related services for the medium term, taking into account the goals of sustainable development. 
     DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2022-1-44-53