Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution on Further Vocational Training, «Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Educational)»
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Journal Kompetentnost': 203 / 3 / 2023


  • 1
    Adaptation of Scientific Achievements to Implementation in Samples of Equipment
    Authors: V.Yu. Korchak, N.E. Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Dr., Full Member of Russian Academy of Rocket and Artillery Sciences, korchak.v@mail.ru
    A new stage in the development of world civilization — the XXI century is characterized by the rapid flourishing of scientific thought, the widespread introduction of innovations in all spheres of human activity. But not all interesting ideas and ingenious discoveries are destined to make their way into life, to become innovations. World practice shows that these achievements often remain unclaimed. The complex process of innovation implementation is described on the example of creating the best technical systems for military and special purposes, which is especially relevant today. The important role of state and departmental scientific and technological programs in this is noted, within the framework of which scientific achievements are created in the course of research and development. The methodological approach to the adaptation of scientific achievements to the requirements of state customers of technical systems is considered. It consists of several voluminous stages, each of which is devoted to a separate chapter — monitoring of the achievements of domestic science, analytical-theoretical, economic research, the use of breakthrough scientific achievements, etc. I have dwelt in detail on the great work that is being carried out in our country to accelerate the introduction into production of promising scientific achievements and technologies aimed at creating the best military equipment.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-3-06-15

  • 2
    Resource Saving in the Field of IT in the Educational Processes Complex Digitalization
    Authors: D.V. Smelkov, FSAEI FVT Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Training), PhD (Tech.), smelkov68@mail.ru 
    V.F. Kuksevich, EI Vitebsk State Technological University 
    D.V. Chernenko, EI Vitebsk State Technological University, chernenko203509@gmail.com
    In the process of working on any IT project, it often becomes necessary to consider the issue of resource saving. At the same time, in the field of IT design, it is difficult to single out the resource-saving object. The resources we are accustomed to save are not used, or are used in insignificant quantities. In this article, as an object of resource saving, it is proposed to consider labor costs when creating a software product, which is relevant for the IT field. We have shown the basic principles of labor costs formation as an element of a quality indicator. An example of labor costs assessment in the design of a database with the calculation of time for database development is on consideration. The paper shows one of the scientific approaches to solving the problem, such as process decomposition. The modeling method of Peter Chen based on the construction of the entity — relationship diagram is also used. When carrying out a comprehensive digitalization of the educational process, knowledge about the execution time of related IT projects will allow: (a) estimate the total amount of all work; (b) make a conclusion about the need to either increase your IT staff, or contact a specialized IT organization; (c) predict labor costs for further similar projects; (d) correctly plan the budget and estimate the possible profit.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-3-16-21

  • 3
    Blockchain Technology Possibilities in Tourism
    Authors: T.N. Poddubnaya, FSBEI HE Kuban State University of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism, Dr. (Ped.), tpodd@mail.ru 
    E.A. Panina, FSBEI HE Maykop State Technological University, Assoc. Prof. PhD (Soc.), len_le@mail.ru
    We revealed the possibilities of blockchain technology in the tourism industry as an innovative driver for optimizing and promoting tourism services in Industry 4.0 and substantiated the advantages of blockchain technology in the tourism sector, identifying its shortcomings in modern conditions. Particular attention is paid to startups using blockchain in tourism. Also we have described the prospects for using the blockchain platform in the tourism industry as an innovative service resource. Blockchain technologies attract developers and consumers with their reliability, trust, security, and transaction speed. Blockchain in the tourism industry is focused on ensuring the introduction of another innovative component of the modern digital world — cryptocurrencies, making calculations more ergonomic. In the blockchain system, the role of the state as a guarantor of the performance of the function of money becomes superfluous. Many countries are already actively working on the legal status of cryptocurrency. In the future, cryptocurrency may take a dominant place among the units of payment for services in the tourism industry (accommodation facilities, air transportation, etc.). Blockchain belongs to innovative technologies, and has recently become a significant tool in the struggle for a share with the traditional business in the entertainment and leisure industry.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-3-22-25

  • 4
    Quality Infrastructure and the Role of Metrology
    Authors: L.K. Isaev, FSBI All-Russian Research Institute of Metrological Service, FSAEI FVT Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Training), Prof. Dr., isaev-vm@vniims.ru
    Quality infrastructure is a capacious concept that has been widely used in the sphere of economy and production over the past 10–15 years. The proposed article is devoted to this important topic. I have given a small historical digression in the 70s of the last century, when the usual quality control of manufactured products moved into a new phase – quality management through standardization and metrology. Already in the late 80s, the first international standard of the now widely known 9000 series was approved. In fact, all domestic systems on the scale of enterprises, regions, industries were the first models of what is now called quality infrastructure. I also reveal the essence of the quality infrastructure based on standardization, metrology, conformity assessment, its main tasks, necessary conditions and opportunities for strategic decision-making. I am sure that this will serve to improve the quality of goods and services, and, consequently, the quality of life of citizens. In conclusion, the work of international organizations on the formation of a Global measurement system and the creation of an international network of quality infrastructure is described.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-3-26-30

  • 5
    Mathematical Models and Characterization of Errors
    Authors: Sh.A. Kodirova, Tashkent State Technical University, PhD (Tech.) 
    M.M. Makhmudzhonov, Tashkent State Technical University, mirolim.muhammad.92@gmail.com
    To quantify errors, it is necessary to know certain characteristics and parameters of the error model. There are three groups of characteristics and error parameters. The first group is the measurement errors specified as the required or permissible norms of the characteristics. The second group of characteristics is the errors attributed to the totality of measurements performed according to a certain technique. The characteristics of these two groups are probabilistic characteristics of the measurement error and are used in technical measurements. The third group of characteristics are statistical estimates of measurement errors and reflect the proximity of a separate, experimentally obtained measurement result to the true value of the measured quantity. They are used in the case of measurements carried out in scientific research and metrological work. As characteristics of a random error, a statistical correlation estimate of the random component of the measurement error is used, and, if necessary, its normalized autocorrelation function.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-3-31-37

  • 6
    Methods of Lean Production in Improving the Activities of the University Unit
    Authors: S.S. Dobrolinskiy, FSBEI HE Kazan National Research Technological University (FSBEI HE KNRTU), sergeykazan116@gmail.com 
    N.G. Nikolaeva, FSBEI HE KNRTU, PhD (Chem.), natalia0205@yandex.ru
    S.M. Goryunova, FSBEI HE KNRTU, Assoc. Prof. PhD (Chem.), svetlanagoryunova@yandex.ru 
    R.N. Ismailova, FSBEI HE KNRTU, PhD (Chem.), isma_70@mail.ru
    We have shown the possibility of applying Lean production approaches and methods in analyzing and improving the activities of department. It’s one of the most important structural divisions of the university. Seven categories of losses are defined by analogy with the categorization of production losses. The analysis of the data of the questionnaire of the teaching staff, teaching and support staff and the survey of students was carried out. Based on the analysis, the losses of the educational process are described, taking into account the specifics of the process under consideration and the necessary adaptation. The scoring of all types of losses is conducted, the results are presented graphically. The most critical categories of losses have been identified. A fragment of the analysis on the category of Unnecessary movement is given, a description of losses is given, implementation at the department, an assessment is made, ways to minimize losses and recommendations. A pie chart is presented showing the ratio of estimates by loss categories in percentage terms. The analysis of losses estimated below four points, in particular, Poor workplace organization, was carried out. The application of the 5S Lean production method is shown. The object of research is the laboratory premises of the department. The current state of laboratories, as well as areas that require optimization, has been revealed. For each step of the 5S method, 5 criteria were identified, an assessment was carried out on a five-point system, comments were given, recommendations were given aimed at implementing the step and implementing this method. The results of the audit on four steps and a generalized petal diagram on five steps of the 5S method are presented.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-3-38-43

  • 7
    Automated Systems for Organizing and Managing the Energy Supply System
    Authors: R.N. Pigilova, Kazan State Power Engineering University, rozapigilova@yandex.ru
    The use of an automated power supply management system of an enterprise is an integral part of any enterprise, in connection with the optimization of the use of electricity and labor, as well as control over energy supply. The problem of using and installing such systems attracts more and more specialists, that is, more and more personnel are required who are able to build such a system with high quality, while giving all quality guarantees. Currently, some enterprises in Russia have problems with setting up and installing automated control systems, as previously there was a dependence on foreign software manufacturers. One of the replacements for foreign software was the domestic software and hardware complexes NEVA and GC Tekon. In conclusion, we have shown that the analysis of industrial enterprises using automated control systems made it possible to identify other automation systems, what are used, shortcomings and some ways to solve these shortcomings for current automated systems.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-3-44-49

  • 8
    Product Design on the PLM Рlatform: QFD Quality Function Structuring Method
    Authors: A.I. Shinkevich, FSBEI HE Kazan National Research Technological University, Prof. Dr. (Ec.) Dr. (Tech.), ashinkevich@mail.ru 
    T.V. Malysheva, FSBEI HE Kazan National Research Technological University, Assoc. Prof. Dr. (Tech.), tv_malysheva@mail.ru 
    D.V. Kharitonov, JSC A.G. Romashin ORPE Technology, Dr. (Tech.), aritonov.d1978@yandex.ru
    In the article we consider the actual problem of quality management and competitiveness of products of Russian industrial enterprises. We examined the use of the QFD quality function structuring (deployment) method in parallel tire design and visualized the scheme of automated support for parallel design processes of new industrial products based on PLM technologies. In addition, the structure of the Quality House matrix diagram is presented when implementing the QFD quality function deployment method in parallel tire design. We have substantiated the relevance of the use of parallel design in the development and production of tire products, the economic and technical effect of the QFD method for the transformation of consumer interests and proposals into technical requirements for products and parameters of production processes. We also suggested using the ABAQUS/SIMULIA software package for designing high- quality car tires.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-3-50-54


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