Due to the deterioration in the ecological situation which is shown, mainly, in global
warming, the problem of an emission limitation of hazardous substances becomes the
most important component of safety more and more. Therefore the increasing attention
is given not only mechanical, but also net atmospheric protection of the person,
strengthened by transition from voluntary recommendations of the Kyoto Protocol to
more tough mandatory requirements of the Parisian Agreement.
According to forecasts of competent experts, by 2020 the world motor park will
be annually replenished with 103 million units/g, and by 2030 — 114 million units/g.
Worsening because of technogenic impact, in considerable degree because of a road
transport, an ecological situation force to toughen regulations of consumption of
hydrocarbonic fuel and issue of the hazardous substances which are formed in case of
its combustion in response to these challenges. One of such efficient limiters are the
limits established by the corresponding Directives of the European Union, UNECE
Regulations, standards of the international organizations of ISO and SAE on emissions
of hazardous substances with the fulfilled gases of systems of release of internal
combustion engines of wheel vehicles of different type and appointment.
To remain demanded in the market car makers are forced to look for
methods of the solution of these difficult tasks and to be leaders in competitive
struggle try, overtaking these requirements, to advance development
and use of a know-how. And the natural and organic solution of this
problem is use in the drive instead of the thermal machine of the electric motor in the
traction mode and the generator — in the mode of recuperative braking.