Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution on Further Vocational Training, «Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Educational)»
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Journal Kompetentnost': 201 / 1 / 2023


  • 1
    Improving of the Integrated Structures QMS: Cross Audit of the Second Party
    Authors: G.F. Biktimirova, JSC Academician V.P. Glushko NPO Energomash, PhD (Tech.), biktimirova.guzel.fanisovna@mail.ru. 
    D.V. Fofanov, JSC Academician V.P. Glushko NPO Energomash, FOFANOV_DV@npoem.ru
    We propose a method of improving QMS of integrated structures of the military- industrial reduce complex by organizing joint audits of the QMS between enterprises. For as an chosen example NPO Energomash. In addition, we identified ways to reduce risks and increase the possibilities of the method of cross QMS audits are considered. This method leads to the formation of informal channels of interaction between employees of integrated structures. This allows you to improve the value streams in the QMS of organizations, as well as improve the knowledge bases of organizations. We considered the mutually beneficial interaction of quality services and other departments of organizations within the framework of team corporate audit activities. Also, specific forms of documented information were demonstrated for use in audits of high-tech organizations, a basis was created for digitalization of information and analytical support for QMS audits of integrated structures.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-1-04-13

  • 2
    Algorithmization of the Procedure for Conversion Coatings Quality Analyzing
    Authors: R.V. Grafushin, D.I. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia (MUCTR), r-std@yandex.ru 
    V.A. Biryukova, MUCTR, VINITI RAS, venerochka.biryukova@mail.ru 
    B.B. Bogomolov, MUCTR, Assoc. Prof. PhD, bogomolov.b.b@muctr.ru
    Kh.A. Nevmyatullina, MUCTR, VINITI RAS, Assoc. Prof. PhD, knevm@mail.ru
    We have considered the algorithmic procedures of the first stage of the phosphate coating quality control algorithm. During the implementation of the procedure, the following are used: a) regulated quality indicators of coatings, which are defined in the relevant regulatory documents (standards) or in technical specifications; b) instrumental methods for quality control of coatings; c) a production schedule that defines the problems that arise when applying phosphate coatings. At the final step of the first stage of the phosphating quality control algorithm, a document is formed in which the real and regulated indicators of phosphating are recorded, the deviation is identified, and a preliminary conclusion is made about the problem that arises. The results of the first stage of the analysis of the phosphate coating quality are an array of initial data for the second stage of the algorithm that implements the procedure for finding solutions to the organizational and technological problems of obtaining a phosphate coating. The proposed procedure for analyzing deviations in the quality of a phosphate coating can be adapted for other types of coatings with the correction of information related to the characteristics of the coating and the technological schedule for its production.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-1-14-19

  • 3
    Analysis of Foreign Experience in Improving Eco-Friendliness of Transport Services
    Authors: V.A. Galkin, FSAEI HE Russian University of Transport, galkin_w@mail.ru 
    E.L. Kuzina, FSAEI HE Russian University of Transport, Prof. Dr., kyzina2008@yandex.ru 
    M.A. Vasilenko, FSBEI HE Rostov State Medical University of the RF Ministry of Health, PhD (Ec.), margo2026@yandex.ru 
    E.A. Vasilenko, FSAEI HE Russian University of Transport 
    L.N. Limanchuk, FSAEI HE Russian University of Transport
    All over the world, railway companies are adapting to changing demands, in which the fight against climate change, environmental friendliness and sustainability are at the forefront. We have analyzed the approaches to the development and implementation of environmental strategies, international experience in achieving environmental goals in the areas of strategies of the world’s leading railway companies. We have identified areas for improving the environmental efficiency of production processes. Of the unrealized technologies, emission reduction systems for existing locomotives, as well as noise reduction systems at the source for new and existing non-traction rolling stock are of interest to the Russian company. Also, the results of environmental protection activities and the level of achievement of target indicators for various railway companies were compared. Based on the data obtained, a comparative analysis of the most notable technological solutions of a number of foreign companies is presented, broken down by the main target areas for the implementation of the environmental strategy.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-1-20-27

  • 4
    Best Available Techniques for Enhancing Energy Efficiency: Reviewing BREF 48
    Authors: E.G. Gasho, National Research University Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Dr. (Tech.), GashoYG@mpei.ru 
    M.V. Stepanova, Expert Bureau EnergiaVita, PhD (Ec.), stpnva@mail.ru 
    A.A. Volosatova, FSAI Research Institute Environmental Industrial Policy Center, A.Volosatova@eipc.center 
    I.O. Tikhonova, D.I. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia, PhD (Tech.), Tikhonova.I.O@muctr.ru
    Energy efficiency enhancement is one of the key directions of the environmental and technological modernization of the Russian economy. Reference Document on Best Available Techniques for Energy Efficiency (BREF) offers energy efficiency related recommendations applicable in organizations of various sectors of economy. While reviewing BREF 48, it is planned to expand its recommendations to such sectors as housing, heating, transport and construction. In 2019–2022, Russian managers of Russian installations used information from BREF 48 to develop both modernization programmes and applications for Integrated Environmental Permits. According to the national plan, in 2023, BREF 48 has to be reviewed. It is suggested to expand its recommendations to such sectors as housing, heating, transport and construction. The Technical Working Group will compile information on best practices used by Russian companies and identify solutions applicable in energy intensive sectors of economy.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-1-28-32

  • 5
    Overview оf Modern Energy Storage Technologies
    Authors: E.V. Kravchenko, FSAEI HE National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, PhD (Tech.), kevatp@tpu.ru
    I have carried out a review of modern energy storage technologies. The electromagnetic method of energy storage, mechanical method, chemical energy storage technologies, electrochemical storage, thermal energy storage technologies are considered. According to the results of the study, the trends of increasing the share of electricity generation using unconventional, renewable energy sources (NVE) during the transition to green energy have been identified. It is known that the unsteadiness of the power generation mode makes it difficult to use solar panels and wind generators when introducing them as the main source of generation. The analysis of the review showed that chemical and electrochemical energy storage technologies are the most attractive according to a number of criteria for creating large energy storage systems that will accumulate excess electrical energy from the non-traditional renewable energy sources. Therefore, the transition to green energy will depend on the solution of a number of tasks, including progress in the field of research on the possibility of ensuring the thermal regime of large battery-powered energy storage systems.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-1-33-38

  • 6
    Improving the QMS Audit Using Additional Evaluation Criteria
    Authors: D.A. Dudina, FSBEI HE Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (FSBEI HE MAI)
    V.A. Vasil’ev, FSBEI HE MAI, Prof. Dr.
    We have considered a new approach to the quality management system audit, auditors’ qualification and have studied the process of introducing a new model at the production site. The classical approach to auditing involves checking the compliance of the organization’s system and processes with established requirements, as well as developing measures to improve processes. In the new model, we have proposed to expand the “audit” tool in the direction of improving the organization’s activities, laying in the procedure itself wider measures: not only checking for compliance, but also searching for optimization of the enterprise’s existing activities. Typically, the objective of an audit is to control or improve, or both, depending on the type, purpose, and reason for initiating the audit. The new audit model will develop built-in activities and criteria for finding the most significant improvement opportunities that dramatically affect the company’s operations, which implies new types of documents and additional competencies for auditors.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-1-39-45

  • 7
    New FMEA Guide. A Universal Supply Chain Management System
    Authors: V.A. Novikov, FSAEI FVT Academy for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Training) (FSAEI FVT ASMS), Assoc. Prof. PhD, nva@asms.ru
    E.Yu. Barmenkov, FSBEI HE Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (FSBEI HE MAI), PhD 
    E.B. Bobryshev, FSAEI FVT ASMS, Assoc. Prof. PhD 
    E.V. Borisova, FSBEI HE MAI, Assoc. Prof. PhD
    We have reviewed the new FMEA guidelines which is the result of more than three years of collaboration between the Automotive Industry Group, AIAG and the Automotive Industry Association, VDA. Cooperation manifested itself in terms of active opposition to competition and compliance with the constant growth of the world market requirements for the goods (services) quality, as well as optimization of supplies while reducing costs. The new 7-Step FMEA Deployment Technology is a key update to the manual, providing more scope for handling potential risks in a more comprehensible way. The new structured FMEA organization scheme allows you to more effectively investigate technical risks, first of all by providing accurate, up-to-date and complete identification and subsequent documentation. An important advantage of the new edition of the FMEA guide is its versatility. Despite the automotive specifics, the proposed method can be successfully applied both in other manufacturing industries and in the service sector, including healthcare and pharmaceuticals. 
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-1-46-52

  • 8
    Analysis of Verification Data for Three-Phase Electricity Meters
    Authors: N.V. Vyaznikova, Vologda College of Railway Transport — Branch of FSBEI HE Emperor Alexander I St. Petersburg State Transport University, vtgt2014@mail.ru
    As you know, the metrological service of the power company constantly verifies electric energy meters. A series of measurements is carried out with one device in the mode of active and reactive power. As a result, the relative error of the working meter is determined, which is compared with the permissible error. Based on the results of the comparison, a conclusion is made about the suitability or unsuitability of this measuring instrument for use. I analyzed the data obtained as a result of checking three-phase electric energy meters using the Orange visual programming environment. To visualize the data and their relationships, scatter diagrams, a box with a mustache and histograms were constructed. Machine learning models describing the dependencies of the initial parameters were also used, and the quality of the models was evaluated. The tests were carried out for several months. A sample was used for the analysis, which included the results of 9854 measurements on 170 samples of nine types of meters from two manufacturers.
    DOI: 10.24412/1993-8780-2023-1-53-56