Usually, economics is defined as a science that studies social and economic relations
that arise in the sphere of production. However, these relationships are formed and
developed in the process of joint practical cognition, which is the basis of production
carried out by interacting subjects, which in turn belong to one or another social and
economic genotype formed and functioning within the given public organization and
aimed at satisfying specific needs. In this case, the presence of the genotypes themselves
is the result of acting the regularities inherent in human thinking and the behavior.
We have determined the specification of the economy subject as the purpose of this
The specific content of each socially important need is of interest to us. This
determines and limits the process of management, which is the result of socio-economic
genotypic nature of man.
In this study, we have used two methods. These include analytical methods and
methods of comparative analysis of social processes under study.
We have obtained results that can serve as the basis for forecasting the direction
and dynamics of the socio-economic life of a particular economic community at a
particular stage of its functioning. We are sure that the foundations of the formation
and development of production are the result of acting the pattern inherent in human
thinking and behavior as such.